Intel Advances Quantum Computing Manufacturing

Intel-Fully-Processed-Qubit-Wafer-Chip-Quantum-Computing
Intel’s fully processed qubit on a wafer chip

Intel Components Research and Intel Labs announced this week that they have reached an important milestone in their development of a quantum computing processor that can be harnessed for large-scale production.

Intel’s two main research divisions made the announcement at the 2022 Silicon Quantum Electronics Workshop, being held in Orford, Quebec. According to the research teams, they can now display the highest efficiency and uniformity rate ever for a fabricated “silicon spin qubit device”.

Intel believes this research is a major step because it paves the way for building quantum computer chips on the transistor manufacturing process the company currently has. As one of the leaders in the development of quantum computing, Intel’s breakthrough is an important milestone for the industry as a whole.

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At the heart of research – like all quantum computing development – ​​are qubits. These are the most advanced bits that encode data without being limited to specific states. Due to the nature of quantum mechanics, qubits exist as 1 or 0 states at the same time (known as superposition).

Multiple States

Intel explains qubits by likening them to a spinning coin that could be heads or tails or just keep spinning endlessly. When spinning, the coin is both heads and tails simultaneously. If you add another coin, there are four states (Tails/Tails, Tails/Tails, Tails/Tails and Tails/Tails). The possibilities continue to increase for each additional piece.

This characteristic of qubits means that they significantly outperform standard bits. The performance of a quantum computer is dictated by the number of qubits it has…the more the better. Qubits are placed on silicon chips like standard bits, but until now manufacturing has been limited to one chip at a time.

Intel was able to create a system that creates multiple quantum chips.

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Sherry J. Basler